Physical Fitness- The Basics

Physical Fitness Comprises Two Related Concepts:

They are general fitness (a state of health and well-being), and specific fitness (a task-oriented definition based on the ability to perform specific aspects of sports or occupations). Physical fitness is achieved through correct nutrition, exercise and rest.

Years ago, fitness was defined as the capacity to carry out daily activities without undue fatigue. However, today with modern technology and automation, we have fewer activities.

Today, physical fitness is defined as a measure of the body's ability to function efficiently and effectively in work and leisure activities, to be free from lifestyle diseases, and to meet emergency situations.

Time and Location

School staff and parents must stress the importance and include daily workouts for themselves and their family.

Time-mangement and prioitization are key ingredients to those workouts. Parents and staff could become inspirational role models by becoming participants in those activities.

Physical Fitness Trends

Trends have recently developed to incorporate a greater variety of activities. Introducing students to activities like bowling, walking/hiking, or Frisbee at an early age can help students develop good activity habits that will carry over into adulthood.

Some teachers have even begun to incorporate stress-reduction techniques such as yoga and deep-breathing. Teaching non-traditional sports (i.e. lacrosse), to students may also provide the necessary motivation for students to increase their activity, and can help students learn about different cultures. For example, while teaching a unit about lacrosse, students can also learn a little bit about the Native American cultures of the Northeast and Eastern Canada, where lacrosse originated.

Physical Education Curriculum

The physical education curriculum should be designed to allow students to experience at least a minimum exposure to the following categories of activities: aquatics, conditioning activities, gymnastics, individual/dual sports, team sports, rhythms, and dance. Students are encouraged to continue to explore those activities in which they have a primary interest by effectively managing their community and family resources.